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    PERSPECTIVAL THOUGHT - A PLEA FOR MODERATE RELATIVISM
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    88932

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    Sinopse

    Our thought and talk are situated. They do not take place in a vacuum but always in a context, and they always concern an external situation relative to which they are to be evaluated. Since that is so, Francois Recanati argues, our linguistic and mental representations alike must be assigned two layers of content : the explicit content, or lekton, is relative and perspectival, while the complete content, which is absolute, involves contextual factors in addition to what is explicitly represented. Far from reducing to the context-independent meaning of the sentence-type or, in the psychological realm, to the narrow content of mental representations, the lekton is a level intermediate between context-invariant meaning and full propositionalcontent. Recognition of that intermediate level is the key to a proper understanding of context-dependence in language and thought. Going beyond the usual discussions of indexicality and unarticulated constituents in the philosophy of language, Recanati turns to the philosophy of mind for decisive arguments in favour of his approach. He shows, first, that the lekton is the notion of content we need if we are to properly understand the relations between perception, memory, and imagination, and second, that the psychological mode is what determines the situation the lekton is relative to. In this framework he provides a detailed account of de se thought and the first person point of view. In the last part of the book, Recanati discusses the special freedom we have, in discourse and thought, to shift the situation of evaluation. He traces that freeedom to a special mode the anaphoric mode which enables us to go beyond the egocentric stage of pre-human thought.
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    ISBN9780199230549
    Pré vendaNão
    Peso197g
    Livro disponível - pronta entregaNão
    Tipo itemLivro Importado
    Número de páginas176
    Número da edição1ª EDICAO - 2007
    Código Interno88932
    Código de barras9780199230549
    AcabamentoPAPERBACK
    AutorRECANATI, FRANCOIS
    EditoraOXFORD UK
    Sob encomendaSim

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